## Solving the diophantine equation x^3=y^2+2

This will be a post illustrating how unique factorization in the ring helps us solve the diophantine equation . We first start by proving Lemma: The ring is a UFD. Proof. Define . The identity proves that So is a … Continue reading

## Compact space that is not sequentially compact

What is an example of a compact space that is not sequentially compact? Let’s recall that: A space is compact if every open cover of has a finite subcover. And is sequentially compact if every sequence in has a convergent … Continue reading

## Every group of order 63 is not simple.

Recently I have been browsing the book “Topics in Group Theory” by Geoff Smith and Olga Tabachnikova. This is a great book to learn advanced group theory at the undergraduate level. I only wish I knew this book earlier in … Continue reading

## Uncountability of real numbers — Topological proof

Perhaps the fastest proof of uncountability of is using the diagonalization trick. However, there’s another proof that I learnt from Topology by Munkres (Theorem 27.7 in page 176) which is nice in its own way. It is enough to show that … Continue reading

## Goldbach’s Conjecture over Z/mZ

Goldbach’s Conjecture states that every even integer greater than can be written as sum of primes. This problem is notoriously difficult, and still open. However, one can prove the following version of Goldbach’s Conjecture for the ring : Proposition. Let … Continue reading

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## Cayley-Hamilton for commutative rings

Many people have told me that Cayley-Hamilton Theorem is their favourite theorem in linear algebra. I also like this theorem a lot (Proof: I am dedicating a blog post about it!) Let be a linear transformation on a finite-dimensional vector … Continue reading